Commercial

Carfilzomib (Kyprolis®)
08.01.05g

Policy


When services can be administered in various settings, the Company reserves the right to reimburse only those services that are furnished in the most appropriate and cost-effective setting that is appropriate to the member’s medical needs and condition. This decision is based on the member’s current medical condition and any required monitoring or additional services that may coincide with the delivery of this service.

MEDICALLY NECESSARY

Carfilzomib (Kyprolis) is considered medically necessary and, therefore, covered for the treatment of individuals with either of the following indications:

  • Multiple myeloma
    • Primary therapy for active (symptomatic) myeloma or for disease relapse after six months following primary induction therapy with the same regimen
      • In combination with dexamethasone and lenalidomide
      • In combination with dexamethasone and cyclophosphamide 
    • Therapy for previously treated myeloma for relapse or progressive disease
      • In combination with dexamethasone, given once weekly or twice weekly 
      • In combination with dexamethasone and lenalidomide (NCCN preferred regimens)
      • In combination with daratumumab and dexamethasone (NCCN preferred regimen) 
      • In combination with dexamethasone and cyclophosphamide 
      • In combination with pomalidomide and dexamethasone for individuals​ who have received at least two prior therapies, including an immunomodulatory agent and a proteasome inhibitor, and who have demonstrated disease progression on or within 60 days of completion of the last therapy
      • In combination with panobinostat for individuals, who have received at least two prior therapies, including bortezomib and an immunomodulatory agent 
      • In combination with pomalidomide and dexamethasone for individuals, who have received at least two prior therapies, including an immunomodulatory agent 
      • In combination with dexamethasone, cyclophosphamide, and thalidomide 
    • For the treatment of individuals with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who has received one to three prior therapies
      • In combination with dexamethasone or
      • In combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone 
    • As a single agent for the treatment of individuals with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received one or more lines of therapy.  
  • Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia/lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma 
    • As a component of CaRD (carfilzomib, rituximab [Rituxan], and dexamethasone) regimen for the treatment of individuals with Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia/lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma as:
      • Primary therapy
      • Treatment after relapse if used as primary therapy and elicited a prolonged response  
EXPERIMENTAL/INVESTIGATIONAL

All other uses for carfilzomib (Kyprolis) are considered experimental/investigational and, therefore, not covered unless the indication is supported as an accepted off-label use, as defined in the Company medical policy on off-label coverage for prescription drugs and biologics.

REQUIRED DOCUMENTATION

The individual's medical record must reflect the medical necessity for the care provided. These medical records may include but are not limited to: records from the professional provider's office, hospital, nursing home, home health agencies, therapies, and test reports.

The Company may conduct reviews and audits of services to our members, regardless of the participation status of the provider. All documentation is to be available to the Company upon request. Failure to produce the requested information may result in a denial for the drug.


Guidelines


BENEFIT APPLICATION

Subject to the terms and conditions of the applicable benefit contract, carfilzomib (Kyprolis) is covered under the medical benefits of the Company's products when the medical necessity criteria listed in this medical policy are met.

US FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION STATUS

Carfilzomib (Kyprolis) was approved by the FDA on July 20, 2012 for the treatment of individuals with multiple myeloma who have received at least two prior therapies including bortezomib (Velcade) and an immunomodulatory agent and have demonstrated disease progression on or within 60 days of completion of the last therapy. Supplemental approvals for carfilzomib (Kyprolis) have since been issued by the FDA.

PEDIATRIC USE

The safety and effectiveness of carfilzomib (Kyprolis​) in pediatric patients have not been established.


Description


In July 2012, the US Food and Drug Administration granted accelerated approval of carfilzomib (Kyprolis [Onyx Pharmaceuticals]), an injectable proteasome inhibitor indicated for the treatment of individuals with multiple myeloma (MM) who have received at least two prior therapies, including bortezomib and an immunomodulatory agent, and who have demonstrated disease progression on or within 60 days of completion of the last therapy. Carfilzomib (Kyprolis) is an antineoplastic agent that specifically blocks the activity of the proteasome, which breaks down proteins that are damaged or no longer needed inside healthy cells and cancer cells. This action leads to a buildup of proteins that causes the cancer cells to die, potentially slowing the progression of cancer. Similar to many other cancer therapies, carfilzomib (Kyprolis) is given intravenously.

Subsequently, in July 2015, the FDA approved carfilzomib (Kyprolis) in combination with dexamethasone or with lenalidomide and dexamethasone for the treatment of individuals with relapsed multiple myeloma who have received one to three prior lines of therapy. The approval was based on a demonstration of improved progression-free survival (PFS) in two multicenter, open-label trials. In study one, 792 individuals with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma after one to three lines of prior therapies were randomized to receive lenalidomide and dexamethasone with or without cafilzomib (Kyprolis) for 18 cycles. The individuals in the cafilzomib (Kyprolis), lenalidomide, and dexamethasone arm demonstrated improved PFS (26.3 months) as compared with those in the lenalidomide and dexamethasone arm (17.6 months). Also, the median duration of response was 28.6 months for the 345 individuals achieving a response in the cafilzomib (Kyprolis), lenalidomide, and dexamethasone arm and 21.2 months for the 264 individuals achieving a response in the lenalidomide and dexamethasone arm. In study two, 929 individuals with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who had received one to three prior therapies were randomized to dexamethasone with carfilzomib (Kyprolis) or bortezomib with dexamethasone. The individuals in the carfilzomib (Kyprolis) with dexamethasone demonstrated an improved PFS (18.7 months) as compared with those in the bortezomib with dexamethasone arm (9.4 months). 

In January 2016, FDA-approved indication for carfilzomib (Kyprolis​) was changed to be as a single agent for the treatment of individuals with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received one or more prior therapies. This approval was based on three multicenter, single-arm clinical studies. Study one evaluated the efficacy of carfilzomib (Kyprolis) in 24 individuals with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma after 2 or more lines of therapy by duration of response (DOR) and overall response rate (ORR) determined by investigator assessment using the International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria. The ORR was 50% (4 subjects with very good partial response rate, 7 subjects with partial response rate, and 1 subject with stringent complete response rate); the median DOR in Individuals who achieved a partial response or better was 8 months. In the second study, 266 individuals with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma who had received at least two prior therapies efficacy were evaluated based on ORR. Enrolled in the trial were individuals whose disease had a less than or equal to 25% response to the most recent therapy or who had disease progression during or within 60 days of the most recent therapy. ORR was 23(5% with very good partial response rate, 18% with partial response rate, less than 1% with complete remission), and median DOR was 7.8 months. The third study evaluated efficacy in 70 individuals with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, who had received one to three prior lines of therapy and had 25% or less response or progression during therapy or within 60 days after the most recent therapy. The overall response rate, the primary efficacy endpoint, was 50% (26% with very good partial response rate, 23% with partial response rate, and 1% with complete remission). 

There may be additional indications contained in the Policy section of this document due to evaluation of criteria highlighted in the Company’s off-label policy, and/or review of clinical guidelines issued by leading professional organizations and government entities.


References


American Hospital Formulary Service--Drug Information (AHFS-DI). c. [LexiComp Web site]. 03/20/2020. Available at: http://online.lexi.com/lco/action/home [via subscription only]. Accessed September 10, 2020.

 

Elsevier Gold's Standard Clinical Pharmacology Compendium. Carfilzomib. [Clinical Pharmacology Website]. 08/25/2020. Available at: https://www.clinicalkey.com/#!/.[via subscription only]. Accessed September 10, 2020.


Micromedex® Healthcare Series [Internet database]. Carfilzomib. Greenwood Village, CO: Thomson Micromedex. 09/08/2020. Available at: http://www.micromedexsolutions.com/micromedex2/librarian. Accessed September 10, 2020.

 

Lexi-Drugs Compendium. Carfilzomib (Kyprolis™). 09/09/2020. [Lexicomp Online Web site]. Available at: http://online.lexi.com/lco/action/home  [via subscription only]. Accessed September 10, 2020.

 

National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology.  Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia/lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma. Version 1.2021. [NCCN Web site].09/01/2020 Available at: http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/waldenstroms.pdf.  Accessed September 10, 2020.

 

National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). NCCN Drug and Biologics Compendium.  Carfilzomib. [National Comprehensive Cancer Network Web site].  Subscription required. Available at: http://www.nccn.org/professionals/drug_compendium/MatrixGenerator/Matrix.aspx?AID=385

Accessed September 10, 2020.

 

National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology.  Multiple Myeloma. Version 2.2021. [NCCN Web site].09/09/2020  Available at: http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/myeloma.pdf.  Accessed September 10, 2020.

 

Onyx Pharmaceuticals. Full Prescribing Information for Kyprolis™ (carfilzomib).  Onyx Pharmaceuticals, Thousand Oaks, CA. Onyx Pharmaceuticals Web site. Package labeling. 08/2020 Available at: http://pi.amgen.com/united_states/kyprolis/kyprolis_pi.pdf. Accessed September 10, 2020.

 

US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. Drugs @ FDA. Carfilzomib (Kyprolis™). Approval letter. [FDA Web site]. 07/20/2012 Available at: http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/drugsatfda/index.cfm Accessed September 10, 2020.

 

US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. Drugs @ FDA. 02/28/19 Carfilzomib (Kyprolis™).  Labeling. [FDA Web site]. 08/20/20. Available at: http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/drugsatfda/index.cfmhttps://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/daf/index.cfm?event=BasicSearch.process. Accessed September 10, 2020.​




Coding

CPT Procedure Code Number(s)
N/A

ICD - 10 Procedure Code Number(s)
N/A

ICD - 10 Diagnosis Code Number(s)


C83.00 Small cell B-cell lymphoma, unspecified site

C83.01 Small cell B-cell lymphoma, lymph nodes of head, face, and neck

C83.02 Small cell B-cell lymphoma, intrathoracic lymph nodes

C83.03 Small cell B-cell lymphoma, intra-abdominal lymph nodes

C83.04 Small cell B-cell lymphoma, lymph nodes of axilla and upper limb

C83.05 Small cell B-cell lymphoma, lymph nodes of inguinal region and lower limb

C83.06 Small cell B-cell lymphoma, intrapelvic lymph nodes

C83.07 Small cell B-cell lymphoma, spleen

C83.08 Small cell B-cell lymphoma, lymph nodes of multiple sites

C83.09 Small cell B-cell lymphoma, extranodal and solid organ sites

C88.0 Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia

C90.00 Multiple myeloma not having achieved remission

C90.02 Multiple myeloma in relapse

C90.10 Plasma cell leukemia not having achieved remission

C90.12 Plasma cell leukemia in relapse

C90.20 Extramedullary plasmacytoma not having achieved remission

C90.22 Extramedullary plasmacytoma in relapse

C90.30 Solitary plasmacytoma not having achieved remission

C90.32 Solitary plasmacytoma in relapse​




HCPCS Level II Code Number(s)

J9047 Injection, carfilzomib, 1 mg

Revenue Code Number(s)
N/A


 
 
 


Coding and Billing Requirements


Policy History

11/16/2020
11/16/2020
08.01.05
Medical Policy Bulletin
Commercial
No