Notification



Notification Issue Date:



Medical Policy Bulletin


Title:Agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®)

Policy #:08.00.69a

This policy is applicable to the Company’s commercial products only. Policies that are applicable to the Company’s Medicare Advantage products are accessible via a separate Medicare Advantage policy database.


The Company makes decisions on coverage based on Policy Bulletins, benefit plan documents, and the member’s medical history and condition. Benefits may vary based on contract, and individual member benefits must be verified. The Company determines medical necessity only if the benefit exists and no contract exclusions are applicable.

When services can be administered in various settings, the Company reserves the right to reimburse only those services that are furnished in the most appropriate and cost-effective setting that is appropriate to the member’s medical needs and condition. This decision is based on the member’s current medical condition and any required monitoring or additional services that may coincide with the delivery of this service.

This Medical Policy Bulletin document describes the status of medical technology at the time the document was developed. Since that time, new technology may have emerged or new medical literature may have been published. This Medical Policy Bulletin will be reviewed regularly and be updated as scientific and medical literature becomes available. For more information on how Medical Policy Bulletins are developed, go to the About This Site section of this Medical Policy Web site.



Policy

MEDICALLY NECESSARY

Coverage is subject to the terms, conditions, and limitations of the member's contract.

Agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®) is considered medically necessary and, therefore, covered for individuals with Fabry disease to reduce globotriaosylceramide (GL-3) deposition in the capillary endothelium of the kidney and certain other cell types.

EXPERIMENTAL/INVESTIGATIONAL

All other uses of agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®) are considered experimental/investigational and, therefore, not covered unless the indication is supported as an accepted off-label use, as defined in the Company medical policy on off-label coverage for prescription drugs and biologics.

REQUIRED DOCUMENTATION

The individual's medical record must reflect the medical necessity for the care provided. These medical records may include, but are not limited to: records from the professional provider's office, hospital, nursing home, home health agencies, therapies, and test reports.

The Company may conduct reviews and audits of services to our members, regardless of the participation status of the provider. All documentation is to be available to the Company upon request. Failure to produce the requested information may result in a denial for the drug.
Guidelines

Per the FDA labeling, the recommended dosage of agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®) is 1 mg/kg body weight administered every two weeks as an intravenous infusion.

BENEFIT APPLICATION

Subject to the terms and conditions of the applicable benefit contract, agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®) may be covered under the medical benefits of the Company’s products when medical necessity criteria listed in the medical policy are met.

US FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION (FDA) STATUS

The FDA's initial approval of agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®) was issued on April 24, 2003.

Description

Fabry disease is a rare gene mutation disorder that is inherited in an X-linked recessive pattern. Because the altered gene is carried on a mother’s X chromosome, sons have a fifty percent chance of inheriting the disorder, and daughters have a fifty percent chance of being a carrier. Some female carriers may also exhibit symptoms, especially cloudiness of the cornea.

This mutation causes a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme known as alpha-galactosidase A. The lack of this enzyme causes an insufficient breakdown of lipids (fats), which then build up to harmful levels in the eyes, kidneys, autonomic nervous system, and cardiovascular system. Symptoms, which usually begin during childhood or adolescence, include the following:
  • Generalized fatigue and weakness
  • Burning sensation in the hands that worsens with exercise and hot weather
  • Small, raised, red-purple blemishes on the skin
  • Decreased sweating
  • Fever
  • Gastrointestinal difficulties, particularly after eating

Although Fabry disease usually presents in childhood, a diagnosis may not be confirmed until considerable organ damage has occurred. The average age of diagnosis is about 30. Diagnosis is confirmed by low or absent alpha-galactosidase A activity in plasma or serum, leukocytes, tears, biopsied tissues, or cultured skin fibroblasts. Because of the delay in diagnosis, the increased lipid storage may lead to impaired arterial circulation and an increased risk of heart attack or stroke. The heart may also become enlarged, and the kidneys may become progressively damaged.

Treatment of Fabry disease was initially limited to some oral medications (e.g., carbamazepine [Tegretol®], phenytoin [Dilantin®], and metoclopramide [Reglan®]) that were prescribed for an individuals' specific symptoms. In the past few years, agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®) was developed through recombinant DNA technology and was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, on April 24, 2003, as an orphan drug (a drug used to treat, prevent, or diagnose a rare disease) for treatment in individuals with Fabry disease. Agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®) is almost identical to alpha-galactosidase A. The replacement of the missing lysosomal enzyme reduces globotriaosylceramide (GL-3), a type of lipid that accumulates in many types of cells, including blood vessels in the kidneys and other organs. With the reduction of fat deposition, it is believed that life-threatening organ damage will be prevented.

CLINICAL STUDIES

The FDA approval was based on the results of four clinical studies in individuals with Fabry disease. Study 1 was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-national, multi-center study of 58 individuals, ages 16-61 years, who have a diagnosis of Fabry disease and are naive to enzyme replacement therapy. For five months, individuals received either agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®) or placebo every two weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint was assessing GL-3 inclusion in renal interstitial capillary endothelial cells by light microscopy and grading on an inclusion severity scale ranging from 0 (normal or near normal) to 3 (severe inclusions). There was a statistically significant reduction in the inclusion of GL-3 in the Fabrazyme treated group compared to the placebo treated group; 69% of the Fabrazyme group achieved a score of 0 compared to the placebo group with none of the individuals reaching a score of 0. These similar reductions were also observed in the capillary endothelium of the heart and the skin.

Study 2 was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multinational, multicenter study of 82 individuals, ages 20 to 72 years, who have a diagnosis of Fabry disease and are naive to enzyme replacement therapy. Individuals received either agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®) or placebo every two weeks up to a maximum of 35 months. The reduction in plasma GL-3 levels in the Fabrazyme group compared to the placebo group was statistically significant at one year and at two years.

Study 3 was an open-label, uncontrolled, multi-national, multi-center study evaluating safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®) in 16 pediatric individuals with Fabry disease, ages 8 to 16 years at first treatment. All individuals received agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®) every two weeks for up to 48 weeks. At baseline all the males had elevated plasma GL-3 levels. Twelve of the 12 males had observed GL-3 inclusions in the the capillary endothelium on skin biopsies. At week 24 and 48 the 12 males with GL-3 inclusions in capillary endothelium at baseline achieved a GL-3 inclusion score of 0.

Study 4 was an open-label, re-challenge study to evaluate the safety of agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®) in individuals who had a positive skin test to agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®)or who had tested positive for agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®) specific IgE antibodies. Six adult males, who had experienced multiple or recurrent infusion reactions during a previous clinical trials with agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®), were re-challenged with agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®) administered as a graded infusion for up to 52 weeks of treatment. Four of the six individuals treated received at least 26 weeks of agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme®). Tow individuals discontinued prematurely due to recurrent infusion reactions.

Enzyme replacement therapy has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of Fabry disease. This therapy can ease pain, improve organ function, and reduce lipid storage. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), continues to support research to find ways to treat and prevent lipid storage diseases such as Fabry disease.

There may be additional indications contained in the Policy section of this document due to evaluation of criteria highlighted in the Company’s off-label policy, and/or review of clinical guidelines issued by leading professional organizations and government entities.
References


Agalsidase beta. American Hospital Formulary Service (AHFS). Drug Information 2014. [ Lexicomp Web site]. 04/18/2017. Available at:
http://online.lexi.com/lco/action/home [via subscription only]. Accessed April 27, 2017.

Banikazemi M, Desnick RJ, Astrin KH. Fabry disease. [eMedicine Web site]. 02/24/2016. Available at: http://www.emedicine.com/ped/topic2888.htm. Accessed April 28, 2017.

Elsevier Gold's Standard Clinical Pharmacology Compendium. Agalsidase beta. [Clinical Pharmacology Web site]. 04/07/2015. Available at:http://online.lexi.com/lco/action/home#.. [via subscription only]. Accessed April 28, 2017.

Genzyme Corporation. Fabrazyme site index. [Fabrazyme Web site]. Available at: https://www.fabrazyme.com/. Accessed April 28, 2017.

Lexi-Drugs Compendium. Agalsidase beta. [Lexicomp Online Web site]. 04/18/2017. Available at: http://online.lexi.com/lco/action/home [via subscription only]. Accessed April 28, 2017.

Lidove O, Joly D, Barbey F, et al. Clinical results of enzyme replacement therapy in Fabry disease: a comprehensive review of literature. Int J Clin Pract. 2007;61(2):293-302. Also available on the Wiley InterScience Web site at: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2006.01237.x. Accessed April 28, 2017.

Mandava P. Overview of Fabry Disease.[Medscape Website]. 11/17/2015. Available at: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1952086-overview#showall. Accessed April 28, 2017.

Micromedex® Healthcare Series. Agalsidase beta. Greenwood Village, CO: Truven Health Analytics. 04/06/2016. Available at: http://www.micromedexsolutions.com [via subscription only]. Accessed April 27, 2017.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). NINDS Fabry disease information page. [NINDS Web site]. 09/02/2015. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/fabrys/fabrys.htm. Accessed April 28, 2017.

US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. Drugs @ FDA. Fabrazyme. [FDA Web site]. Available at:http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/drugsatfda/index.cfm?fuseaction=Search. Accessed April 27, 2017.

US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Fabrazyme® (agalsidase beta) prescribing information. [FDA Web site]. May 2010. Available at:http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2010/103979s5135lbl.pdf. Accessed April 27, 2017.






Coding

Inclusion of a code in this table does not imply reimbursement. Eligibility, benefits, limitations, exclusions, precertification/referral requirements, provider contracts, and Company policies apply.

The codes listed below are updated on a regular basis, in accordance with nationally accepted coding guidelines. Therefore, this policy applies to any and all future applicable coding changes, revisions, or updates.

In order to ensure optimal reimbursement, all health care services, devices, and pharmaceuticals should be reported using the billing codes and modifiers that most accurately represent the services rendered, unless otherwise directed by the Company.

The Coding Table lists any CPT, ICD-9, ICD-10, and HCPCS billing codes related only to the specific policy in which they appear.

CPT Procedure Code Number(s)

N/A


Professional and outpatient claims with a date of service on or before September 30, 2015, must be billed using ICD-9 codes. Professional and outpatient claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015, must be billed using ICD-10 codes.

Facility/Institutional inpatient claims with a date of discharge on or before September 30, 2015, must be billed with ICD-9 codes. Facility/Institutional inpatient claims with a date of discharge on or after October 1, 2015, must be billed with ICD-10 codes.


ICD - 10 Procedure Code Number(s)

N/A


Professional and outpatient claims with a date of service on or before September 30, 2015, must be billed using ICD-9 codes. Professional and outpatient claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015, must be billed using ICD-10 codes.

Facility/Institutional inpatient claims with a date of discharge on or before September 30, 2015, must be billed with ICD-9 codes. Facility/Institutional inpatient claims with a date of discharge on or after October 1, 2015, must be billed with ICD-10 codes.


ICD -10 Diagnosis Code Number(s)

E75.21 Fabry (-Anderson) disease


HCPCS Level II Code Number(s)

J0180 Injection, agalsidase, beta, 1 mg


Revenue Code Number(s)

N/A

Coding and Billing Requirements


Cross References


Policy History

Revisions to 08.00.69a
06/06/2018This policy has been reissued in accordance with the Company's annual review process.


Effective 10/05/2017 this policy has been updated to the new policy template format.

Version Effective Date: 02/11/2015
Version Issued Date: 02/11/2015
Version Reissued Date: 06/15/2018

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